Synopsis : In ancient India astronomical and mathematical knowledge was highly advanced. The world owes the invention of zero and decimal system to India. Vedic literature and Epics are full of significant space-references. The 17 th century observatories in the country were equipped with highly accurate instruments which presuppose such observatories in the past as well. Modern Indian space research is late yet very significant.
From Aryabhata to RLV-TD: A history of India’s space journeys
Role of Indian Women in Science and Technology
The history of science and technology in the Indian subcontinent begins with prehistoric human activity in the Indus Valley Civilization to early states and empires. By BCE a number of sites similar to Mehrgarh had appeared, forming the basis of later chalcolithic cultures. The inhabitants of the Indus valley developed a system of standardization , using weights and measures, evident by the excavations made at the Indus valley sites. Excavations at Balakot c. Based on archaeological and textual evidence, Joseph E. Schwartzberg —a University of Minnesota professor emeritus of geography—traces the origins of Indian cartography to the Indus Valley Civilization c. The religious texts of the Vedic Period provide evidence for the use of large numbers.
History of science and technology in the Indian subcontinent
India's experience in rocketry began in ancient times when fireworks were first used in the country, a technology invented in neighbouring China, and which had an extensive two-way exchange of ideas and goods with India, connected by the Silk Road. Military use of rockets by Tipu Sultan during the Mysore War against the British inspired William Congreve to invent the Congreve rocket, predecessor of modern artillery rockets, in After India gained independence from British occupation in , Indian scientists and politicians recognized the potential of rocket technology in both defence applications, and for research and development. Recognizing that a country as demographically large as India would require its own independent space capabilities, and recognising the early potential of satellites in the fields of remote sensing and communication, these visionaries set about establishing a space research organisation.
India has formally coordinated its various organisations related to space programme in by constituting the space commission and the Development of Space DOS. In these ways, the space programme has given a push to every aspect of our national policies and programmes contributing widely towards socio-economic, development of India, besides economic and scientific progress. It is time to make the application of space technologies to everyday lives. There is lot of scope and potential in this regard.