A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of an organism, and that is not due to any immediate external injury. A disease may be caused by external factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions. For example, internal dysfunctions of the immune system can produce a variety of different diseases, including various forms of immunodeficiency , hypersensitivity , allergies and autoimmune disorders. In humans, disease is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain , dysfunction , distress , social problems , or death to the person afflicted, or similar problems for those in contact with the person.
Covid-19 and non-communicable diseases: evidence from a systematic literature review
The impact of socioeconomic position on non-communicable diseases: what do we know about it?
An infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents , their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce. Infections can be caused by a wide range of pathogens, most prominently bacteria and viruses. Mammalian hosts react to infections with an innate response, often involving inflammation , followed by an adaptive response. Specific medications used to treat infections include antibiotics , antivirals , antifungals , antiprotozoals , and antihelminthics. Infectious diseases resulted in 9. Infections are caused by infectious agents pathogens including:.
New Literature In Infectious Diseases & Antimicrobial Stewardship: March 2020 Edition
A total of 23 studies were included in the final analysis. Majority of the studies were US-based. CCM was the most studied model.
George M. Eliopoulos, Anthony D. Harris, Douglas D.