Greatly outnumbering the Greeks, the Persians should have easily conquered them. The Greeks were able to defeat the Persians because they united for a sole purpose. This unification provided the strength they needed to win decisive military and naval sea battles. In , Athens formed the Delian League whose goal was push Persia out for good. The second most powerful city-state, Sparta, did not see Persia as a threat and refused to join the League.
The Iron Age
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A thousand years before ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, iron making emerged to change the landscape of civilization. This dark metal changed everything from agriculture to wars and weaponry. In West Africa and Southwestern Asia people realized dark rocks could be shaped into tools and weapons The diagram below summarises this pre-history time line.
Iron Smelting In Africa
Iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in West Africa among the Nok culture of Nigeria as early as the sixth century B. In the period from to , iron technology appears to have been one of a series of fundamental social assets that facilitated the growth of significant centralized kingdoms in the western Sudan and along the Guinea coast of West Africa. The fabrication of iron tools and weapons allowed for the kind of extensive systematized agriculture, efficient hunting, and successful warfare necessary to sustain large urban centers. In Nigeria, iron was fundamental to the rise of several important kingdoms—Dahomey, Benin , and the Yoruba kingdoms, including primarily Ife and Oyo.
Reflecting on impact of Iron Iron is part of the most found elements in the earth. Around 5. Furthermore, I will research about the chemical and physical properties of Iron, the obtaining of Iron, and the uses through history. They were best known as the ones who developed iron-work technology.