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Gottfried Michael Koenig - Wikipedia
Gottfried Michael Koenig, born in in Magdeburg, Germany, studied church music in Braunschweig, composition, piano, analysis and acoustics in Detmold, music representation techniques in Cologne and computer technique in Bonn. He attended the Darmstadt music summer schools for several years, later as a lecturer. During this period he also wrote orchestral and chamber music for piano, string quartet, woodwind quintet. From he was an assistant in the radio drama department at the Cologne academy of music, where he taught electronic music, composition and analysis from In Koenig moved to the Netherlands.
Koenig studied church music in Braunschweig , composition , piano , analysis and acoustics in Detmold , music representation techniques in Cologne and computer technique in Bonn. From to Koenig worked in the electronic studio of West German Radio WDR producing his electronic compositions Klangfiguren , Essay and Terminus 1 and wrote orchestral and chamber music. In Koenig moved to the Netherlands, where he taught at the University of Utrecht and was, until , director and later chairman of the electronic music studio, which became the Institute of Sonology Frobenius Here he developed his computer composition programs Project 1 and Project 2 , designed to formalise the composition of musical structure-variants.
Composing and generating sound via computer technology as early as the mid-'60s, Gottfried Michael Koenig was a pivotal force in cementing the emerging relationship between music and electronics. Born in Magdeburg, Germany in , Koenig studied composition at the Detmold School of Music before relocating to Bonn, where he pursued his interest in computer engineering. During the early '60s, Koenig began writing a program -- named simply Project 1, or PR1 -- designed to compose and generate music via the computer; when in he accepted the position of creative director with the Institute for Sonology in Utrecht, Holland, he took the software with him, putting on the finishing touches three years later. While at Utrecht, Koenig also began experimenting with the Variable Function Generator, a machine developed by physics student Stan Templaars able to generate sound using roughly the same technology as an analog sequencer. Hitting upon the idea of treating the VFG as an oscillator, between and Koenig used the machine to compose a series of groundbreaking pieces known collectively as the Funktionen.