E very 50 years or so, American magazine the Atlantic lobs an intellectual grenade into our culture. It turned out to be the blueprint for what eventually emerged as the world wide web. Two summers ago, the Atlantic published an essay by Nicholas Carr, one of the blogosphere's most prominent and thoughtful contrarians, under the headline " Is Google Making Us Stupid? My mind isn't going — so far as I can tell — but it's changing. I'm not thinking the way I used to think. I can feel it most strongly when I'm reading.
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Columbia University Computing History. Translations see below for credits :. Later, ENIAC's plugboards were permanently "microprogrammed" with a repertoire of commonly used instructions that could be referenced from a "user program" entered as a sequence of instructions into the function-table switches. I note the almost complete absence of Col. That prolly wasn't intentional, but the elision of all references to the big punched card shop Cunningham ran, and to the two relay machines IBM built, certainly was. Those are what actually did firing tables, after desk calculators were overwhelmed and until the Bell machine arrived, and until ENIAC was moved in and later freed up. Now, about the "I'm dubious
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Technology frequently produces surprises that nobody predicts. However, the biggest developments are often anticipated decades in advance. In this sense, the rough outlines of future solutions are often understood and, in a sense, agreed upon well in advance of the technical capacity to produce them. By the time Netflix launched its streaming service, much of Hollywood knew that the future of television was online IP TV had been deployed in the late s.
Vannevar Bush has coordinated the activities of some six thousand leading American scientists in the application of science to warfare. In this significant article he holds up an incentive for scientists when the fighting has ceased. He urges that men of science should then turn to the massive task of making more accessible our bewildering store of knowledge. For years inventions have extended man's physical powers rather than the powers of his mind. Trip hammers that multiply the fists, microscopes that sharpen the eye, and engines of destruction and detection are new results, but not the end results, of modern science.