The collapse of the Soviet Union helped topple Apartheid—South Africa's rigidly enforced laws of racial segregation—by removing the global Communist threat, the country's last white president told CNBC. As president, de Klerk unbanned black-led political parties and enticed Mandela's African National Congress ANC party to the negotiating table by suspending the death penalty and releasing political prisoners, a process which led the way to the end of legal segregation. But in an exclusive one-hour interview with CNBC, de Klerk said he was only able to gain support for making concessions to the socialist ANC party when the threat of Communism proliferation ceased, following the fall of the Soviet Union. Read More 25 years after the Berlin Wall: What's changed? I was helped by that the threat of expansionist USSR communism fell away and when we saw that window of opportunity, it helped us to jump through it by accelerating the process. Despite his Peace Price, de Klerk's legacy remains controversial, with some saying that he only launched negotiations to end apartheid because he realized its end was nigh regardless of whether negotiations took place.
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Collapse Of The Soviet Union Essay - Words | Cram
If the close relations that existed between the ANC and the Soviet Union during the decades of the struggle against apartheid are mentioned now, it mostly happens at appropriate official occasions: embassy receptions or national holidays or speeches during state visits. It was very different back then. Garth Strachan, a communist and an MK veteran said in one his interviews: "Although it has become popular not to admit this now, at the time-at least in the circles where I moved and up to the mid or late s-the reality was that in ANC Songs were sung and poetry composed about the Soviet people.
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The gradual collapse of the Soviet Union, which ended in dissolution 20 years ago, had wide-ranging effects across Africa. Marxist-inspired governments and movements lost their backers, while new conflicts became awash with weapons and mercenaries from the former Soviet sphere. During the Cold War, described by many analysts as a geographical chess game between the Soviet Union and the United States to either spread the socialist system or prevent it, Africa was not immune from its fallout. Angola's internal strife Angola is one example of how the situation sometimes became a protracted civil war.
In the Cold War seemed like it was an established fact of life in Europe, with two armed camps still facing each other across the Iron Curtain. Yet within a remarkably short space of time, the political structure changed dramatically: the Cold War which had split Europe in two for the previous 40 years suddenly, in the space of a few short years, came to an end. The pressures of the Cold War in Europe partly brought about the unexpected change and the change itself brought an end to the Cold War. During the 's and early 's, the Soviet economy deteriorated under the cumulative effects of a centralized bureaucratic system, the burdens of an increasingly costly arms race, and a failed war in Afghanistan. This proved to be a vital factor in the ending of the Cold War however it is by no means the only one; indeed a variety of different factors ultimately caused the collapse of the USSR in and thus the end of the Cold War.