Examination of the concept of autonomy also figures centrally in debates over education policy, biomedical ethics, various legal freedoms and rights such as freedom of speech and the right to privacy , as well as moral and political theory more broadly. In the realm of moral theory, seeing autonomy as a central value can be contrasted with alternative frameworks such an ethic of care, utilitarianism of some kinds, and an ethic of virtue. Autonomy has traditionally been thought to connote independence and hence to reflect assumptions of individualism in both moral thinking and designations of political status. For this reason, certain philosophical movements, such as certain strains of feminism, have resisted seeing autonomy as a value Jaggar , chap. However, in recent decades, theorists have increasingly tried to structure the concept so as to sever its ties to this brand of individualism.
Essays Moral, Political And Literary
Moral, Social and Political Philosophy, Sample of Essays
We evaluate people and groups as responsible or not, depending on how seriously they take their responsibilities. Often we do this informally, via moral judgment. Sometimes we do this formally, for instance in legal judgment. This article considers mainly moral responsibility, and focuses largely upon individuals. Later sections also comment on the relation between legal and moral responsibility, and on the responsibility of collectives.
Essays: Moral, Political, and Literary
Contrary to Israeli claims of self-defense in response to acts of terrorism, the current crisis reflects decades of brutal Israeli occupation in Gaza and the West Bank. Boston Review. A man looks on as fires burn in Gaza following Israeli airstrikes on May The resulting fighting claimed thousands of lives, mostly Palestinian, and saw the rise of Hamas as a political force in Gaza.
He has made a personal intellectual journey from Marxism to Catholicism and from Aristotle to Aquinas , and he is one of the preeminent Thomist political philosophers. He believes that modern philosophy and modern life are characterized by the absence of any coherent moral code, and that the vast majority of individuals living in this world lack a meaningful sense of purpose in their lives and also lack any genuine community. This way of life is to be sustained in small communities which are to resist as best they can the destructive forces of liberal capitalism. It is important to keep in mind that MacIntyre is not suggesting that we should merely tinker around the edges of liberal capitalist society; his goal is to fundamentally transform it. He does not believe that this will happen quickly or easily, and indeed it may not happen at all, but he believes that it will be a disaster for humanity if it does not happen.