The last chapter introduced interpretive research, or more specifically, interpretive case research. This chapter will explore other kinds of interpretive research. Recall that positivist or deductive methods, such as laboratory experiments and survey research, are those that are specifically intended for theory or hypotheses testing, while interpretive or inductive methods, such as action research and ethnography, are intended for theory building. Unlike a positivist method, where the researcher starts with a theory and tests theoretical postulates using empirical data, in interpretive methods, the researcher starts with data and tries to derive a theory about the phenomenon of interest from the observed data. Interpretive research is a research paradigm see Chapter 3 that is based on the assumption that social reality is not singular or objective, but is rather shaped by human experiences and social contexts ontology , and is therefore best studied within its socio-historic context by reconciling the subjective interpretations of its various participants epistemology.
Chapter 12 Interpretive Research | Research Methods for the Social Sciences
Intrepretivism and constructivism are related approaches to research that are characteristic of particular philosophical world views. Schwandt describes these terms as sensitising concepts that steer researchers towards a particular outlook:. Proponents of these persuasions share the goal of understanding the complex world of lived experience from the point of view of those who live it. The world of lived reality and situation-specific meanings that constitute the general object of investigation is thought to be constructed by social actors p. Many of the ideas in these approaches stem from the German intellectual tradition of hermeneutics and the Verstehen tradition in sociology, from phenomenology, and from critiques of positivism in the social sciences. Interpretivists reject the notions of theory-neutral observations and the idea of universal laws as in science.
Introduction to positivism, interpretivism and critical theory
Sometimes we feel excited, motivated and accomplished, while other times frustrated, tired or unsure. Background Central to the journey presented here is learning about the interpretivist paradigm, its approaches, methods and critics. Methodology This original paper takes an autoethnographic approach, expressed through poetry. Autoethnography uses self-reflection to connect personal experience to wider social and cultural understandings and has been seldom applied to investigate and uncover the contested and emergent doctoral experience.
The purpose of this chapter is to explain in detail the research methods and the methodology implemented for this study. The chapter will explain first of all the choice of research approach, then the research design, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the research tools chosen. This will be followed by a discussion on their ability to produce valid results, meeting the aims and objectives set by this dissertation. The chapter then goes on to discuss the sample size and the sampling strategy applied by the author, and the data analysis methods which have been used.