Most tribal people live in remote rural hamlets in hilly, forested or desert areas where illiteracy, trying physical environments, malnutrition, inadequate access to potable water, and lack of personal hygiene and sanitation make them more vulnerable to disease. This is compounded by the lack of awareness among these populations about the measures needed to protect their health, their distance from medical facilities, the lack of all-weather roads and affordable transportation, insensitive and discriminatory behavior by staff at medical facilities, financial constraints and so on. Government programs to raise their health awareness and improve their accessibility to primary health care have not had the desired impact. Not surprisingly, tribal people suffer illnesses of greater severity and duration, with women and children being the most vulnerable. The starkest marker of tribal deprivation is child mortality, with under-five mortality rates among rural tribal children remaining startlingly high, at about deaths per 1, live births in compared with 82 among all children.
Knowledge of Adolescent Girls Regarding Menstruation in Tribal Areas of Meghalaya
Research Resources | National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Support Scroll. One hundred and four million tribal people, accounting for 8. Not only are tribal communities socio-economically othered by the mainstream Indian populace, they also face a host of structural inequalities, with access to healthcare being one of the biggest. While there seems to be a vague consensus amongst policymakers that tribal communities have poor health and restricted access to healthcare, there are still no comprehensive policies that meet this need, and no reliable data about the state of tribal health. Tribal healthcare in India usually falls within the ambit of rural healthcare. The assumption that the problems and needs of tribal people are the same as that of rural populations is incorrect; the difference in terrain, environment, social systems and culture, all lead to tribal communities having their unique set of healthcare needs.
Health and Nutritional Status of the Indian Tribes of Tripura and Effects on Education
Metrics details. In India, indigenous populations, known as Adivasi or Scheduled Tribes STs , are among the poorest and most marginalized groups. Moreover, similar to indigenous populations elsewhere, STs often have little opportunity to voice perspectives framed within their own cultural worldviews. We undertook a study to gather policy-relevant data on the views, experiences, and priorities of a marginalized and previously enslaved tribal group in South India, the Paniyas, who have little 'voice' or power over their own situation. We adopted guiding principles and an ethical code that promote respect for Paniya culture and values.
Maharashtra is the richest Indian state. However, prevalence of undernutrition is unacceptably high in Maharashtra, particularly among the tribal children. In , child malnutrition claimed as many as lives in one single district namely Palghar. Even after a decade of double-digit economic growth, in , more than children died due to under-nutrition in the same district. The state then announced a slew of measures to address child malnutrition in tribal dominated areas.